05 July 2008

The challenge of demographic change (2)

This chart confirms what most of us already realize: there is a part of the province where the population is growing; there are others where the population is shrinking.

The figures are from the latest Statistics Canada population analysis.


The chart shows year over year changes.

Update Note: The scale on the left is the rate per thousand of population, not a percentage.

Updated update:  Just to put this in a bit better perspective it's useful to note the observation made by Statistics Canada on page 55 (57 of the pdf).  Of the 10 economic regions experiencing the largest population decreases in 2007, six were in Atlantic Canada.

Nationally, the situation in Newfoundland and Labrador is particularly noteworthy. The top two regions experiencing loss were in Newfoundland.  West Coast - Northern Peninsula - Labrador came in at sixth out of the top 10:

Like last year, Newfoundland and Labrador’s South Coast - Burin Peninsula ER experienced the largest population decrease of all, with a negative growth of –26.9 per thousand. Two other Newfoundland and Labrador ERs were among those with the largest population decreases: Notre Dame - Central Bonavista Bay in 2nd place (-17.6 per thousand) and West Coast - Northern Peninsula – Labrador in 6th place (-11.0 per thousand).

The population decreases between July 1, 2006 and July 1, 2007 in these ERs can be partly attributed to precarious local economic conditions and Alberta’s strong appeal. Between 2001 and 2006, 19,954 people moved from Newfoundland and Labrador to Alberta, representing 34.24 % of all interprovincial migrants from the eastern province.

If you follow the link above, you'll notice that other regions in the top 10 lost more people in absolute numbers.  However, the relative proportion (rate per thousand) was higher in the two Newfoundland regions that scored in first and second place.

The chart on page 71 compares the age and sex profile of the South Coast-Burin Peninsula (light blue) economic region with Red Deer.

The population of the Newfoundland region is significantly older than that of the Alberta region.  SC-BP has experienced one of the highest rates of outmigration  - both interprovincial and intraprovincial - at  negative 101 per thousand between 2001 and 2007), particularly men and women in their 20s.